WP 67 | 14 Costumer Ownership and Quality Provision in Public Services under Asymmetric Information
The implementation of projects producing external effects is often a source of disagreement and conflict between hosting and non-hosting communities. The paper focuses on the impact of participatory ownership on conflict resolution and social welfare in the presence of asymmetric information and imperfect quality monitoring. We show that in such situations the participatory solution may help solve “Not-in-my-backyard” (Nimby) crises and similar deadlocks that money transfers to a for-profit operator cannot solve. The analysis highlights two main factors behind this fact. First, a customer-owned cooperative internalizes, at least partially, the external effects generated by the project. Second, the alignment of cooperative members’ preferences with those of the social planner reduces (in some cases eliminates) the distortions caused by information asymmetries.