A map of social enterprises and their eco-system in Europe

Project status: concluded


The ICF GHK Consulting was appointed by the European Commission to map social enterprises in the 28 Member States and in Switzerland.
The study follows up on the Social Business Initiative launched by the commission in 2011. It is based on existing academic materials and interviews with over 350 stakeholders across Europe.

Euricse is in charge of the coordination of the Quality Check Team (QCT), a team of five independent academics who provided methodological support, conducted peer reviews and reviewed the final report.


The project aims at giving an overview of social enterprise ecosystem across countries, including factors constraning their development and at outlining national policy and legal frameworks for social enterprises, including best practices to accelerate the growth of the social enterprise ecosystem.

Main results

Throughout 2013 and 2014 the members of QCT (and among them Carlo Borzaga and Giulia Galera) participated in three seminars where they periodically reviewed the results of the research activities. The ICF GHK researchers, the member of the scientific committee, the functionaries of the EC and other external experts also participated to the periodic QCT review seminars.
The Synthesis report, the Executive summary and the country reports were published in 2015 by the European Commission.


European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, (2015), A map of social enterprises and their eco-system in Europe – Synthesis report;

Executive summary;

country reports.


European commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, DG Internal market, Industry, Enterpreneurship and SMEs;

ICF GHK Consulting